Subject: Ludwig Wittgenstein Mon Mar 15, 2010 3:13 am
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889 – 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who primarily worked on the topics of logic, mathematics, the mind, and language.
Described by Bertrand Russell as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived, passionate, profound, intense, and dominating," Wittgenstein is considered by many to be the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. Helping to inspire two of the century's principal philosophical movements, the Vienna Circle and Oxford ordinary language philosophy, he is considered one of the most important figures in analytic philosophy. According to an end of the century poll, professional philosophers in Canada and the U.S. rank both his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP) and Philosophical Investigations among the top five most important books in twentieth-century philosophy, the latter standing out as "...the one crossover masterpiece in twentieth-century philosophy, appealing across diverse specializations and philosophical orientations." Wittgenstein's influence has been felt in nearly every field of the humanities and social sciences, yet there are widely diverging interpretations of his thought.
Wittgenstein: Philosophical discussion in Cambridge - Part 1 A scene from Derek Jarman's film 'Wittgenstein' (1989) upon the thought behind a word or a sentence like "This is a very pleasant pineapple."
John Searle on Ludwig Wittgenstein: Section 1 Bryan Magee talks to John Searle about the legacy of Ludwig Wittgenstein; ranging from his early work, the Tractatus, to his posthumously published, Philosophical Investigations.